Forage Sorghum

Sorghum x Sudan (Multi cut)

Sorghum-sudangrass is used primarily for grazing, green chop, silage and hay. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids also add organic matter to worn-out soils. These tall, fast-growing, heat-loving summer annual grasses can smother weeds, suppress some nematode species and penetrate compacted subsoil if mowed once. The hybrids are crosses between forage-type sorghums and sundangrass. Compared with maize, they have less leaf area, more secondary roots and a waxier leaf surface which help them withstand drought. Sorghum-sudangrass has a larger stem, less leaf area and produces more biomass than sudangrass.

Sweet Sorghum (Single cut)

Sweet sorghum, or forage-type sorghum plants are larger, leafier and mature later than grain sorghum plants. Compared with sorghum-sudangrass hybrids, they are shorter, less drought tolerant, and don’t regrow as well. Forage sorghum is an excellent choice when used for silage in a single cut system. Stems and leaves look very similar to maize.


The brown midrib (BMR) is a genetic mutation that results in a forage with a reduced lignin content, increased protein content and higher palatability than non-BMR sorghum-sudangrass varieties. Rate of animal gains are significantly increased when animals graze BMR varieties.

Sudan Grass

Sudangrass is used primarily for grazing and hay production. This species has smaller leaves and finer stems than sorghum-sudan, making drydown more efficient.


Sweet sorghum stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production.